History and Anthem of Ibadanland

Ibadan, surrounded by seven hills, is the second largest city in Nigeria. It came into existence when bands of Yoruba renegades following the collapse of the Yoruba Oyo Empire, began settling in the area towards the end of the 18th century; attracted by its strategic location between the forests and the plains. Its pre-colonial history centered on militarism, imperialism and violence. The military sanctuary expanded even further when refugees began arriving in large numbers from northern Oyo following raids by Fulani warriors. Ibadan grew into an impressive and sprawling urban center so much that by the end of 1829, Ibadan dominated the Yoruba region militarily, politically and economically.

The area became a British Protectorate in 1893. By then the population had swelled to 120,000. The British developed their new colony to facilitate their commercial activities in the area, and Ibadan shortly grew into the major trading center that it is today. The colonizers also developed the academic infrastructure of the city. The first university to be set up in Nigeria was the University of Ibadan (established as a college of the University of London when it was founded in 1948, and later converted into an autonomous university in 1962). It has the distinction of being one of the premier educational institutions in West Africa, and there is a museum in the building of its Institute of African Studies, which exhibits several remarkable pre-historic bronze carvings and statues. Other noteworthy institutions in the city include the University College Hospital, the first teaching hospital in Nigeria and the internationally acclaimed International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (lTTA).

The city has several well stocked libraries, a zoological garden and several botanical gardens. Nestled inside (IITA) is the best golf course in Nigeria, and the grounds of the Ibadan Polo Club is not too far away. Ibadan is home to the first television station in Africa. There are a few hotels with hotspot (wifi) access, a few decent restaurants and a couple of radio stations. Ibadan and its environs before the disolution of the Western Region was the home of the the most sophisticated and liberal scientific and cultural community on the continent of Africa; as personified by the immortalized Ibadan School

The most probable date of the founding of Ibadan is 1829, when the abandone settlement of Ibadan was reoccupied by the allied forces of Ijebu, Ife and Oyo; hence, it came to be regarded as ‘a war encampment’ of the town of warriors.
From the onward, Ibadan grew I unimportance and has served as the administrative centre for the whole of Southern Nigeria (1946 – 1951). And as the capital of the Western Region (1951 – 1967). After this period, the city’s region started to shrink, to cover just the Western Region (1963 – 1967); Western State and old Oyo State (1976 – 1991), before the creation of Osun State, (1976 – 1991). It has been the capital of present Oyo State since 1991.

The Political status of the city has influenced other aspect of its development. One of which is the reminiscence of colonial administration. The Government Secretariat at Agodi and the Government Reservation Areas (GRAs)A at Agodi, Jericho and Onikere are relice of that era. The grid pattern of the residential layout of Oke – Bola and Oke – Ado is also associated with its activities.

Anthem of Ibadanland:

Ibadanland Anthem


1.  Ibadan Ilu ori Oke

Ilu Ibukun Oluwa

K’oluwa se o nibukun

Fun onile at’alejo

2. Ibadan ilu to ngbajeji

Ti ko si gbagbe omo re

K’ife arak ole wa nibe

Fun onile at’alejo

3. Ibadan ilu jagunjagun

Awon toso d’ilu nla

Awa omo re ko ni je

K’ola ati ogo won run

4. Mo wo lati ori oke

Bi ewa re ti dara to

B’odo re ko tile tobi

Sibe o la Ibadan ja

5. Ibadan Ilu ori oke

K’oluwa se o ni bukun

Ki gbogbo ‘joye inu re

Je elemi gigun fun, wa




Egbe: E ho e yo k’e sig be ‘rin

Ogo f’olorun wa l’orun

Ibukun ti Obangiji

Wa pelu re wo Ibadan

Egbe: E ho e yo k’e si ‘rin etc:




Egbe: E ho e yo k’e si ‘rin etc:




Egbe: E ho e yo k’e si ‘rin etc:




Egbe: E ho e yo k’e si ‘rin etc: